|Careful planning before the first guide stake is driven conserves time and energy throughout the gardening season. Follow these easy steps
STEP I - Choose Kind and Amount of Garden Crops
Check the vegetables listed in Table, Step I, and determine the length of rows needed for each crop you have selected.
STEP II - Plan the Garden Arrangement
Draw your garden area to scale on a piece of graph paper, letting one 1/4-inch square equal either 3 ft. or 6 ft. With 36-inch row spacing, crop rows will fall on each 1/4-inch line, using the 3-ft. scale. Leave 6 ft. to 10 ft., at end of rows for turning tractor equipment.
Lay out the rows and placement of crops as follows:
1. Space Rows 36 Inches Apart. This makes it possible to straddle the rows of small crops and to cultivate between rows as crops become larger. In small garden areas, the 36-inch space may be subdivided with quick-growing crops
planted between rows. Vine crops should be spaced at six feet.
2. Group Perennial Vegetables such as asparagus and rhubarb, along with raspberries and other small fruit on one row.
3. List Early-Planted Crops, starting from one side (preferably south), then list the later warm-season crops. Save time by working up a strip of ground, planting it, then working up the next strip as needed.
4. Avoid Shading Smaller Crops. Put tall plants on the
north side, if possible. Where rows run north and south, place tall crops on either side, and vine crops with six foot spacing next to the last planting.
5. Allow Space for Successive Plantings. Garden tractors make repeated plantings more practical because of the ease of working the ground.
6. Limit the amount of Swiss chard, parsley, radishes and other crops where small quantities go a long way.
STEP III - Order the Right Kind and Amount of Seed.
Check the Seed Order Guide (Table, Step III), reliable seed catalogs, and bulletins and circulars published by your State Agricultural College.